Back pain is a common health problem that can affect almost everyone at some point in their lives. Lower back pain, also known as low back pain, is the most common and can be caused by many different factors, such as repetitive motion, injury, spinal disease and posture problems.

The most common causes of lower back pain are related to repetitive motion and injury. Everyday activities such as driving, using a computer, or lifting heavy loads can cause back pain if they are done repetitively or if the movements are done incorrectly. Injuries such as sprains and muscle tears can also cause back pain.

Diseases of the spine, such as osteoporosis, arthritis and scoliosis, can also cause back pain. Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens the bone, which can lead to fractures and back pain. Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints that can cause back pain, while scoliosis is a deformity of the spine that can cause back pain and poor posture.

Poor posture is also a common risk factor for back pain. Spending long hours sitting or standing in a poor posture can cause back pain, especially if you tend to lean forward or to the side.

There are several treatments available for back pain, ranging from physical therapy and physiotherapy to surgery. The most common treatments for lower back pain include muscle strengthening exercises, physical therapy, stretching and anti-inflammatory medications. Corticosteroid injections may also be used to relieve pain, while surgery is generally considered a last resort.

It is important to note that back pain can be prevented by proper posture, regular exercise, and a healthy lifestyle.